Keep the pot on the smaller side at first, 1-2″ in diameter, so the plant can establish its root system. These will be the easiest to isolate and cut away to form new ZZ Plants. Tips to Get It Growing Again. You will also want to consider the size of the new container you pick for your ZZ Plant. Now that you have gathered all the necessary supplies to repot your ZZ, you can get started on actually moving the plant to its new home. Throughout the year, it may get a glimmer of direct sun occasionally, but most of the day it sits in indirect light. The idea here is to make sure the plant is happy before moving it to a new environment. When you repot the plant, you would simply divide the plant at the root system and then simply repot. They usually do go dormant in the winter months, but wouldn’t be opposed to fresh soil and more space if that’s when you decide to shuffle your houseplant collection into new pots. Also, check where the top of the rhizome is in relation to the lip of the pot. I noted earlier that you’ll want to be very careful when transplanting your ZZ to avoid breaking off healthy stems that may take a long time for the plant to replace. The time it takes new ZZ plants to grow depends on the propagation method used. ZZ Plants grow from structures called rhizomes. Re-pot ZZ plants every spring. The Raven Zamioculcas is a striking, almost black-leaved indoor plant. Buttress roots – large, wide roots put out by trees in tropical forests with nutrient-poor soil. I don’t really use a calendar to determine when I water because it will drastically vary depending on many factors. Bright light is good but not essential. Using a sharp, clean pair of shears or scissors, clip out any mushy, brown, or black roots. When you take a cutting of your ZZ Plant, it will grow a new rhizome and roots. The ability of roots to be able to function properly depends greatly on the soil structure/texture, which can change over time. too far in the other direction as you don’t want these sitting in a lot of They like moisture but don’t appreciate standing water. Sure, they can survive in pretty much anything you plant them in, but there is a big difference between surviving and thriving! This is also a great time to repot, since you can easily divide the rhizomes into separate containers, allowing all of them more room to grow. Propagating your ZZ plant is relatively easy and there are 3 ways to do this. Carefully scoop more potting soil around the plant until it has filled the container and your ZZ Plant is well supported. Flush the plant with water over a sink and let the water drain entirely. You want your soil line to be about even with the top of the rhizome. The rhizomes should be underneath the soil :-). It simply means that it will TOLERATE low light. Hopefully, before long, you’ll see new growth on your new ZZ babies. Fill in the rest of the pot with the same quality soil. The root ball should go under the soil line for sure. For more information on dealing with root rot, click here. Just snip the leaf off close to the stem, and place it in water. When its grown outside, it also develops small yellow flowers, which … Beneath the plants that you see above the soil are thick, potato-like roots known as rhizomes. You are so correct that they love sunlight. You are now ready to plant each new rhizome piece into its own pot! Light. Please do me a favor and share this post to social media because it will help me spread the Ohio Tropics houseplant care tips to the masses! Soil: Remove any rotten roots and pot it up into a pot that is appropriate for the size of the root ball. Any suggestions on pot size? I love to hear from my readers. I do like to add either additional coarse perlite or pumice to this mix as well. Then just wait! Water when the top two inches of the soil is dry. Once your plant has been trimmed of any unhealthy roots, you are ready to plant it into its new container. That being said, this plant will still look great in lower light situations, but don’t expect it to grow too rapidly, and it may weaken over time. You may be able to see rhizomes peeking up out of the soil at the base of your plant. For your ZZ Plant, this would allow plenty of time for it to establish rhizome and root growth in the new pot and helps avoid any stress related to otherwise tight growing conditions throughout the bright, summer months.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thehealthyhouseplant_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_1',111,'0','0'])); Before we jump into the steps to successfully transplant your ZZ Plant, I wanted to take a quick minute to review the plant’s root structure, so we’re all on the same page. Re-pot once the growing season begins in the spring. I like to water thoroughly until water drains out of the drainage holes. Allow the leaves to air dry for a day or so. Seed germination takes around 7 days. @Raffaele, great! If so, you’ll want to water thoroughly and then allow your plant a couple of days to absorb water into the rhizome. The Healthy Houseplant is reader-supported. I too grow my ZZ in bright moderate light and has started sending 7 new stalks at once and is so beautiful. Re-potting is necessary once a ZZ plant outgrows its pot and becomes root-bound, meaning that its roots try to escape out of the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. This ensures there is plenty of room for the roots to continue growing without getting rootbound. Hi Mary! The zamioculcas zamiifolia grows fine with low levels of light, but it's best to avoid direct sunlight. bone dry or soaking wet. Alternatively, ZZ plants … Keep an eye out for any mushy, brown roots or similar spots on the rhizome. Simply insert each ZZ plant leaf as shown in the photo above into a small pot of soil. :-). Read more on this below. You want your rhizome, and therefore the base of the stems, to be about one inch below the lip of the pot. Propagation by division is the simplest way to create more ZZ plants—simply separate the rhizomes the next time you repot your ZZ plant and plant in a separate container. direct sun either. There is also a skylight right above the kitchen table. Ideally, it’s best to repot your houseplants at a period when they have some time to acclimate to their new homes and begin to root out in the new container before going dormant again. I recommend repotting a ZZ once every two years, unless you have a super green thumb and have kept your ZZ really happy. It’s not uncommon for ZZ rhizomes to stick out of the soil a little bit. You will have an outstandingly well-draining potting mix as a result. Typically, many houseplants put out enough growth in a season that they can be replanted every year. Some of the links in this post may be affiliate links. While it’s true that terracotta’s porous nature does help wick excess moisture away in the soil, you don’t have to limit yourself to the ubiquitous pale red-orange pots, as long as you’ve got your proper watering technique locked down. With sharp scissors, clip the bottom of the stem, so you’re left with one smooth, clean cut. If the root ball sits below one inch from the lip, add more soil; if it’s closer than one inch from the lip, remove some soil. I just read the post. Photograph by Forest and Kim Starr via Flickr.. ZZ’s one major drawback is that all parts of the plant are poisonous. Great job! Once you have your potato-shaped root, you can plant it into a new container filled with potting soil. They do like a little sunlight to some extent for sure! Take care and thanks for commenting! I would still consider it a lower light situation, but it is sufficient for me since the new growth is strong and the growth rate is actually much faster than I expected for this plant. Copyright © 2020 Houseplant Care Tips | Trellis Framework by Mediavine, Cast Iron Plant Care: How to Care for Aspidistra Elatior, Ultimate Top 10 Most Popular Houseplant Care Blog Posts, ZZ Plant Leaf Propagation: 2 Easy Water and Soil Methods. For more information, click here.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thehealthyhouseplant_com-leader-1','ezslot_5',112,'0','0'])); Another thing I want to touch on briefly before we are elbow deep in repotting ZZ Plants is the topic of toxicity. The other method, which is the safest but takes longer, is The mechanism for non-desert dwelling plants in soil without enough oxygen for the roots to stay healthy when it is moist and can lead to premature loss of older leaves and in extreme cases, dry shriveled roots/dead plant. I was planning on writing a post on ZZ plant leaf propagation, but haven't gotten around to it yet. Remove surplus soil around the root and cut off black or rotten roots. Water very lightly and place the pot in a warm location with bright indirect light. We are a member of several affiliate advertising programs designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to external sites. Water occasionally when the potting mix gets too dry. What Soil is Best for Pilea Peperomioides? If you don’t want to bother with two separate potting mixes, you can always swap the cactus mix and add perlite or pumice in its place at the same ratio above. However you decide to divide your ZZ Plant up, you will want to use a sterilized, sharp knife to make the cuts. Above: A ZZ plant growing on Maui. In this section, you will learn everything you need to know about the proper way to repot your established ZZ Plant, with step by step instructions. All of these materials should be readily available at your local garden center. Consider the current size of the rhizome and choose a pot that is 2-3” wider in diameter to accommodate future growth. If you get curious, you can gently pull the leaf out after a month or so and inspect for any roots and rhizome formation. ZZ plant also has an interesting looking root system. Check the rhizome in the pot. These bulb-like structures grow above the roots, but below the soil, storing water and slowly releasing it as the plant needs it. You shouldn’t need to feed your ZZ Plant for a while, especially if your store-bought potting soil already has slow-release fertilizer mixed into it. If it shows any signs of stress from being underwatered, you want to correct that before transplanting. Beneath the rhizome, the plant’s roots grow into the soil, soaking up water to store in the rhizome. Firm the soil around the roots in the pot and leave an inch below the rim and the top of the soil. For ZZ plants, I will wait quite a while before watering again. I can afford to go for a bigger pot as it’s an office plant so space isn’t as tight. I know someone who only waters her giant ZZ plant once a month and it grew to monstrous proportions. Like all of my houseplants, I like to fertilize dilutely at every watering starting in late Winter and continuing through early Fall. Similar to lighting conditions however, if you DON’T completely ignore the watering needs of your ZZ plant, it will reward you! Allow the roots to grow to about an inch long before transplanting your new ZZ Plant cutting into a potting soil mixture. Carefully place your ZZ Plant in the soil mound, making sure it is sitting at the right height. It took a while (6 months!) You should change the water every two weeks to avoid mold issues and clip away any mushy looking roots. Warmer conditions will make the process go much more quickly. The root ball has started to come through above soil level and I can see from your experiments that it’s probably time to repot. Also, soil can get compacted over time, which discourages proper drainage, which is essential for the ZZ Plant. You are ensuring that every nutrient present in the soil and those that you applied are effectively taken up and distributed throughout the plant. The rhizome stores water until the next watering, which is why you should never overwater this plant. Once the cuts are made, let the rhizome pieces sit out on the counter, so the cuts dry out. :-), Wonderful post on the beautiful ZZ plant. Keep your ZZ plant somewhere with medium light, plant in well-draining soil, don’t over water, and it will thrive! If your ZZ plant has a lot of yellow leaves, chances are that you have probably kept it too wet. You can pot it up into its own pot after this, or leave it in the pot that you propagated it in. The ZZ plant is a great choice for office buildings and homes, and the crow-colored variety is no exception.. History and discovery of the ZZ raven. Leaves get pulled off. About the ZZ Plant. Mix 1 part of horticultural sand or perlite and 1 part of high-quality all-purpose potting mix to maximize the drainage. Repotting a ZZ Plant is actually a pretty straightforward process. For most plants, this typically means getting repotted in the spring. My go-to potting soil when I want to use a succulent/cactus mix is Miracle Gro Cactus Palm and Citrus mix. While the ZZ plant is low maintenance overall, there are a few factors that could result in your ZZ plant leaves turning yellow. Insert the end of each leaf, where it was cut, partially into a pot to which you’ve added a special potting mix. To make sure your soil medium is porous and well-drained, combine three parts quality, pre-mixed potting soil with one part cactus or succulent mix. For more a more detailed and visual post on how to propagate ZZ plant leaves in both water and soil, check out my blog post ZZ Plant Leaf Propagation: 2 Easy Water and Soil Methods. I inserted each leaf about 1/2 to 3/4 inches into the soil. ZZ plants need excellent drainage. For the potting mix, you can use about half seed starting potting mix (or even a normal all-purpose potting mix if that’s what you have on hand) and half perlite. ZZ Plant Propagation. This next transplanting I would get a big chunk of panty hose to put over the hole before you put your soil and plant in … As a general rule of thumb, only go up one pot size from where you are currently at. However, it’s one true Achilles heel is poor drainage. If so, your ZZ plant may have suffered from root rot. Obviously, you’ll want one that is bigger than what it was previously planted in, but not so big that the plant looks dwarfed in it. In fact, my ZZ plant even shot out plenty of new growth in the middle of our dismal Ohio winters. How to care for ZZ plant: grow the Zamioculcas plant in well-draining potting soil and only water the plant when the soil is partly dry. Contractile roots – plants like hyacinths use contractile roots to pull the new bulb down to the right level for it to grow, since the new bulb is produced above the old one in the soil. Or if you have a cactus/succulent mix, use half of this mixture and half perlite. Give it proper care as detailed in this post, and your ZZ plant will grow quickly too! Regardless of the soil you use to plant your ZZ into, proper watering goes a long way towards a healthy plant. If the roots seem to be taking over the soil or the rhizome has grown within an inch of the side of the pot, it’s time to give your ZZ Plant some more space. Then insert it into your medium, cut end down. ZZ plants will tolerate a great amount of neglect when it comes to watering. In that case, you may want to consider potting it up between a year and 18 months.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thehealthyhouseplant_com-banner-1','ezslot_4',110,'0','0'])); Rather than relying on a set time to repot your ZZ, a more accurate way of determining when you need to transplant is by periodically checking the roots and rhizome of the plant. When it comes to soil, choose or mix something of your own that is well-draining. ZZ plant is one of the toughest and easiest to grow houseplants. As I mentioned above, repotting your ZZ Plant affords you the perfect opportunity to assess whether or not you can divide your rhizome to create multiple new plants. The Zz plant does not require a lot of light and can go without water for long periods of time. Over time, and across many watering sessions, the soil can become depleted of nutrients and minerals needed for the plant to survive. Another related reason to repot your ZZ Plant is to avoid stunted growth. 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