The larynx, a muscular organ commonly called the “voice box,” which is essential for human speech and contains the vocal cords and allows air to pass into and out of the lungs. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! The lungs are the primary organ in the respiratory system, which is actually quite complex and the system contains numerous other components, including: Respiratory disorders can range from mildly common conditions such as the common cold to very serious and life-threatening disorders and diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respiratory infections caused by viruses like influenza or coronavirus can potentially be fatal to children, seniors and those with chronic health conditions like diabetes, heart disease or lung disease. It’s not just the heart that suffers, but your blood vessels and even your blood itself. Study Flashcards On Drugs that affect the respiratory system at Cram.com. + + Loss of airway control and respiratory depression are the most common serious adverse effects associated with sedative drug administration. Prescription Opiates Effects on the Respiratory System. Drugs that affect the sympathetic system affect these chemical systems. The effects of smoking tobacco progress relatively slowly and increase in severity over time. Remove this presentation Flag as Inappropriate I Don't Like This I like this Remember as a Favorite. Drugs used to treat the respiratory tract include the bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs that modify respiratory secretions (e.g., mucolytics, mucokinetics, and expectorants), antitussive drugs, and decongestants. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drug-topics/health-consequences-drug-misuse/respiratory-effects, NIDA. who abuse illicit or prescription drugs. People who chronically use alcohol and other drugs are also more susceptible to respiratory infections, due to the harm these substances may do to the immune system in addition to damage they can do to the organs in the body’s respiratory and cardiovascular systems. The Internet Journal of Pulmonary Medicine. Actions. Opioids are central nervous system depressant drugs that reduce the activity of the neurons in the brain and spinal cord. Addressing damage Caused by Substance Abuse. As recreational use of marijuana becomes legalized in many states, researchers will continue to look at the findings from the data, which remain mixed. Nervous innervation to the smooth muscle of the respiratory tract is complex. As one of the more powerful hallucinogen drugs, ketamine produces a range of effects that extend well past the “out-of-this-world” sensations most users experience. Drugs that Affect the Respiratory System Adrenergic: epinephrine (Adrenalin, Asthma-Haler Mist, Primatene) Anticholinergics: ipratropium (Atrovent HFA). save Save Drugs Affecting the Respiratory System For Later. Ketamine’s ongoing effects on the respiratory system can compromise a person’s overall health status over time since the body’s cells rely on oxygen to function normally. The drugs can be classified by whether they enhance the functions of the sympathetic system or interrupt those functions. Drugs that stimulate the respiratory center directly are caffeine (that is known to be a psychostimulating agent and an analeptic … Study Flashcards On Pharmacology- Drugs That Affect the Respiratory System at Cram.com. Respiratory Effects Related to Drug Abuse. Reader in Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacy and Chemistry, University of Sunderland. Chronic use of opiate drugs also increases the risk of the development of all forms of cancer, including different cancers of the respiratory system. Other drugs known to affect the cardiovascular system include MDMA, mescaline, GHB, prescription stimulants, and CNS depressants. All sedative drugs suppress the central nervous system in a dose-dependent manner. Drugs Affecting the Respiratory System. Drugs that Affect the Respiratory System: Beta2 Agonists, Methylxanthines, Anticholinergics, Mast Cell Stabilizers, Inhaled and Systemic Corticosteroids, Leukotriene Modifiers, PDE4 Inhibitor, Cough and Cold Medications Notes to Accompany The Program BY Margaret Fitzgerald, DNP, FNP-BC, NP-C, FAANP, CSP, FAAN While researchers suspect that smoking crack does increase the risk for lung cancer, the evidence remains inconclusive at the time of this writing. Airway Caliber Changes. 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